Skip to main content

Winnipeg School Division’s Recommendations

April 21, 2021
Education Review main art Web

Executive Summary
SECTION 1: Long Term Vision
SECTION 2: Student Learning
SECTION 3: Teaching
SECTION 4: Accountability for Student Learning
SECTION 5: Governance
SECTION 6: Funding

Winnipeg School Division’s Recommendations

References
Appendix A
Appendix B

STUDENT LEARNING

  • Recommendation 1: That Winnipeg School Division, with the support of the Province of Manitoba, provide leadership in expanding Indigenous Education programming and initiatives province-wide.
  • Recommendation 2: That Manitoba Education and Training provide training for teachers and administrators on appropriate use of E-credits to ensure EAL students are moved into regular programming as soon as possible.
  • Recommendation 3: That the Province of Manitoba, in collaboration with educational partners, develop clearly identifiable determinants that are required for the success of students and work with educational partners to achieve them.
  • Recommendation 4: That the Province of Manitoba apply funding and supports for a universal meal program with consideration that food insecurity has significant implications to the physical and emotional well-being of children and which can impact educational outcomes. We cannot expect optimal student learning and best achievement outcomes if children are hungry at school.
  • Recommendation 5: That the Province of Manitoba implement a more collaborative process for curriculum development, implementation and assessment and a review should occur every seven to ten years.
  • Recommendation 6: That the Province of Manitoba increase spending in mental health promotion and integrated services specifically for K to 12 education.
  • Recommendation 7: That WSD assist the Province of Manitoba to create and implement mental health curriculum for Kindergarten to Grade 12 students. In addition, that mental health promotion and planning be integrated into the curriculum and school activities across the province, to benefit staff and students, as it is benefiting those in WSD.
  • Recommendation 8: That childcare, Early Childhood Education and K to 12 education be streamlined with appropriate funding. In addition, that the Province of Manitoba consider implementing the work from the Manitoba Early Learning and Childcare Commission.
  • Recommendation 9: That the Province of Manitoba consider implementing a learning pathway/transitions framework to assist students in life transitions from K to 12 to post-secondary or college, trades certification or careers. The framework should include skills and competencies carried through all curriculum and streamlined into post-secondary teachings. For examples, look to other Canadian provinces (i.e. British Columbia and Alberta).

TEACHING

  • Recommendation 10: That the Province of Manitoba require the process of becoming a teacher to be more rigorous.
  • Recommendation 11: That the Province of Manitoba, in collaboration with CMEC, develop a more robust approach for transferring credentials and qualifications for educators across Canada.
  • Recommendation 12: That the Province of Manitoba conduct a current provincial scan to review teacher supply and demand in Manitoba. Additionally, that the province assist in recruiting and retaining staff for urban, rural and northern divisions.
  • Recommendation 13: That the Province of Manitoba establish clear pathways for non-teaching professionals to enter teaching with consideration that these career-changes are often obstructed by economic barriers.
  • Recommendation 14: That the Province of Manitoba develop clear and attainable pathways for professionals with language expertise to enter the field of teaching. In addition, that a provincial incentive program be created and implemented to assist in recruitment and retention of language teachers.
  • Recommendation 15: That the Province of Manitoba review teacher instructional time and assigned working times with consideration for alternative models that exist and can be explored.
  • Recommendation 16: That Winnipeg School Division with support of the Province of Manitoba take the lead in developing a leadership institute for all Manitoba school divisions.
  • Recommendation 17: That the Province of Manitoba identify clear professional development pathways, both in post-secondary training and through continuous learning, to allow educators and school leaders to gain the knowledge and expertise required for ongoing student success.
  • Recommendation 18: That the Province of Manitoba provide sufficient and equitable resource allocation to support the diverse needs for student-focussed learning.
  • Recommendation 19: That the Province of Manitoba ensure that the necessary supports are put in place to assist in assessments of students with various learning needs. These supports include credentialed programs in universities and more streamlined services between the province and school divisions.
  • Recommendation 20: That equivalent measurement tools be used by school divisions and Manitoab Education and Training to determine adequate financial support for students with exceptional needs.
  • Recommendation 21: That the Province of Manitoba integrate technology training for educators into initial teacher training and supplemental professional development for educators to ensure their knowledge and understanding of technology and its applications are kept current with the continuous evolution of technology and the learning needs of students.

ACCOUNTABILITY

  • Recommendation 22: That the Province of Manitoba and education partners use a holistic approach for accountability which emphasizes the use of multiple accountability mechanisms moving forward and to provide contextual information alongside the reporting and evaluation of accountability tools.
  • Recommendation 23: That WSD assist the Province of Manitoba to develop accountability tools that report on the external factors that impact student learning across the province.
  • Recommendation 24: That the Province of Manitoba clearly identify the responsibilities of all stakeholders in the K to 12 education system. Further, that collaborative relationships are fostered with stakeholders to provide more leadership in guiding and coordinating the efforts of achieving student success.

GOVERNANCE

  • Recommendation 25: That the Province of Manitoba observe other Canadian provinces and review research for insight on governing school systems before making any major changes.

FUNDING

  • Recommendation 26: That the Province of Manitoba take greater leadership in supporting schools and developing long-terms plans that will contribute to a more effective and efficient education system.
  • Recommendation 27: That the Province of Manitoba engage in a fully comprehensive review of the K to 12 funding model.
  • Recommendation 28: That the Province of Manitoba explore all applicable areas where shared services could lead to enhanced fiscal responsibility.


REFERENCES

1 Winnipeg School Division (2016-2020) Strategic Plan. Retrieved from: https://www.winnipegsd.ca/About%20WSD/Documents/WSD%20Strategic%20Plan%20ADJ%202016-2020.pdf

2 Manitoba's Commission on Kindergarten to Grade 12 Education (2019). A Comprehensive, Independent Review of the Kindergarten to 12 Education System. Public Consultation Discussion Paper. Retrieved from:
https://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/educationreview/docs/public-discussion-paper.pdf

3 Leithwood, K. & Mascall, B. (2008). Collective leadership effects on student achievement. Educational Administration Quarterly, 44, 529-561. Doi: 10.1177/001361X08321221

4 Benard, B. & Slade, S. (2009). Listening to students: Moving from resilience research to youth development practice and school connectedness. In R. Gilman, E. S., Huebner, & M.J. Furlong (Eds.) Handbook of Positive Psychology in Schools (pp. 353-370). New York: Routledge.

5 Amarillas, A. & Malley, M. (n.d.) California Safe And Supportive Schools (n.d.) What works Brief No. 2 – Opportunities for Meaningful Participation. Retrieved from: https://www.wested.org/resources/what-works-brief-2-opportunities-for-meaningful-participation/

6 University of Washington. (2019). Engaging Students in Learning. Retrieved from: https://www.washington.edu/teaching/teaching-resources/engaging-students-in-learning/

7 Manitoba Department of Education and Training. (2019). Literacy and Numeracy in Manitoba: Setting the Context: Including findings from the January 2018 Provincial Summit on Literacy and Numeracy. Retrieved from: https://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/educationreview/docs/setting-the-context.pdf

8 Manitoba Center for Health Policy (2004). How do Educational Outcomes Vary with Socio-economic Status? Key Findings from the Manitoba Child Health Atlas. Department of Community Health Medicine, University of Manitoba. 

9 Manitoba Center for Health Policy (2004). How do Educational Outcomes Vary with Socio-economic Status? Key Findings from the Manitoba Child Health Atlas. Department of Community Health Medicine, University of Manitoba. 

10 Government of Manitoba (2018). Pathways to a Better Future: Manitoba's Poverty Reduction Strategy. Retrieved from: https://www.gov.mb.ca/povertyreduction/pubs/pathways_to_a_better_future.pdf

11 Government of Manitoba (2018). Pathways to a Better Future: Manitoba's Poverty Reduction Strategy. Retrieved from: https://www.gov.mb.ca/povertyreduction/pubs/pathways_to_a_better_future.pdf

12 Manitoba's Commission on Kindergarten to Grade 12 Education (2019). A Comprehensive, Independent Review of the Kindergarten to 12 Education System. Public Consultation Discussion Paper. Retrieved from:
https://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/educationreview/docs/public-discussion-paper.pdf

13 Manitoba Department of Education and Training. (2019) K to 12 Curriculum: Elements Integrated into the Curriculum. Retrieved from: https://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/cur/elements.html

14 Manitoba Department of Education and Training. (2019) K to 12 Curriculum: Elements Integrated into the Curriculum. Retrieved from: https://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/cur/elements.html

15 Canadian Center for Policy Alternatives (2019) Failing Grade: Manitoba Poverty Reduction Strategy and Budget 2019. By: M. Barkman & M. McCracken. Retrieved from: https://www.policyalternatives.ca/publications/reports/failing-grade-manitoba-poverty-reduction-strategy-and-budget-2019

16 Canadian Mental Health Association. (2019). Cohesive, Collaborative, Collective: Advancing Mental Health Promotion in Canada. Retrieved from: https://cmha.ca/news/mental-health-promotion-paper

17 Government of Manitoba (2013). Introducing the Accessibility for Manitobans Act (AMA). Retrieved from: https://www.gov.mb.ca/dio/pdf/introducing_accessibility_for_manitobans_act.pdf

18 Unicef for every child. (2019). Evidence for ECD Investment. Retrieved from: www.unicef.org/earlychildhood/index_69851.html

19 University of Pennsylvania. (2015). Invest in a strong start for children: High Return on Investment. The Center for High Impact Philanthropy. Philadelphia, PA. 

20 Unicef for every child. (2019). Evidence for ECD Investment. Retrieved from: www.unicef.org/earlychildhood/index_69851.html

21 TD Economics. (2012). Early Childhood Education has Widespread and Long Lasting Benefits. Retrieved from: https://www.td.com/document/PDF/economics/special/di1112_EarlyChildhoodEducation.pdf

22 Heckman: The economics of Human Potential. (2019). Perry Preschool: Intergenerational effects: Early Childhood education strengthens families and can break the cycle of poverty. Retrieved from: www.heckmanequation.org

23 Manitoba Early Learning and Child Care Commission Report (2016). Retrieved from: https://www.gov.mb.ca/fs/childcare/resources/archives/pubs/executive_summary.pdf

24 Province of Manitoba. (2018). Online Child Care Registry. Retrieved from: https://www.gov.mb.ca/fs/childcare/occr/pubs/stats_june2018.pdf

25 Child Care Now. (2019). Bilateral Agreement on Early Learning and Child Care for Manitoba. Retrieved from: https://timeforchildcare.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Manitoba.pdf

26 Manitoba's Commission on Kindergarten to Grade 12 Education (2019). A Comprehensive, Independent Review of the Kindergarten to 12 Education System. Public Consultation Discussion Paper. Retrieved from:
https://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/educationreview/docs/public-discussion-paper.pdf

27 Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. (2017). CMEC Reference Framework for Successful Student Transitions. Retrieved from: https://www.cmec.ca/Publications/Lists/Publications/Attachments/372/CMEC-Reference-Framework-for-Successful-Student-Transitions-EN.pdf

28 Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. (2017). CMEC Reference Framework for Successful Student Transitions. Retrieved from: https://www.cmec.ca/Publications/Lists/Publications/Attachments/372/CMEC-Reference-Framework-for-Successful-Student-Transitions-EN.pdf

29 Government of Ontario. (2013). Creating Pathways to Success: An Education and Career/Life Planning Program for Ontario Schools. Policy and Program Requirements for Kindergarten to Grade 12. 

30 Knacck, L. (2017). 5 Key Changes in BC's New K to 12 Curriculum: What are the Implications for Post-Secondary? Centre for Innovation and Excellence in Learning. Vancouver Island University. 

31 French, J. (2018). Hitting the Books: How Alberta Education is rewriting curriculum for the next generation of students. Edmonton Journal. 

32 NYU Steinhardt School of Culture, Education and Human Development. (2019). 

33 NYU Steinhardt School of Culture, Education and Human Development. (2019). 

34 Government of Manitoba. (2002). Teacher Supply and Demand in Manitoba. Report of the Organizational Committee, Submitted to the Minister of Education, Training and Youth. 

35 Government of Manitoba. (2002). Teacher Supply and Demand in Manitoba. Report of the Organizational Committee, Submitted to the Minister of Education, Training and Youth. 

36 Government of Manitoba. (2018) International and Heritage Languages. Retrieved from: https://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/cur/languages/index.html

37 Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages. (2019). Accessing Opportunity: A study on challenges in French-as-a-second-language education teacher supply and demand in Canada. Retrieved from:
https://www.clo-ocol.gc.ca/sites/default/files/accessing-opportunity-fsl.pdf

38 Atlantic Institute for Market Studies. (2018). Market Principles offer solutions on teacher shortage. By: Zwaagstra, M. Retrieved from: http://www.aims.ca/op-ed/market-principles-offer-solutions-teacher-shortage/

39 Canadian Teacher's Federation (2011). The Voice of Canadian Teachers on Teaching and Learning. 2nd Edition. Retrieved from: https://www.ctf-fce.ca/Research-Library/TeacherVoice2011_EN_WEB-2ed.pdf

40 The Canadian Association of Principals (2014).The Future of Principalship in Canada: A National Research Study. 

41 The Canadian Association of Principals (2014).The Future of Principalship in Canada: A National Research Study.

42 Sheninger, E. (2019). Why Pedagogy First, Tech Second Stance is Key to the Future. Ed Tech Focus on K to 12. Retrieved from: https://edtechmagazine.com/k12/article/2016/04/why-pedagogy-first-tech-second-stance-key-future

43 The Canadian Association of Principals (2014).The Future of Principalship in Canada: A National Research Study. 

44 Lerner, J. S., & Tetlock, P. E. (1999). Accounting for the effects of accountability. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 255–275.

45 Office of the Auditor General Manitoba (2016). "Improving Educational Outcomes for Kindergarten to Grade 12 Aboriginal Students": Retrieved from: http://www.oag.mb.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/AB_ED_K_to_12_OAG_2016_WEB.pdf

46 Manitoba's Commission on Kindergarten to Grade 12 Education (2019). A Comprehensive, Independent Review of the Kindergarten to 12 Education System. Public Consultation Discussion Paper. Retrieved from: https://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/educationreview/docs/public-discussion-paper.pdf

47 Manitoba's Commission on Kindergarten to Grade 12 Education (2019). A Comprehensive, Independent Review of the Kindergarten to 12 Education System. Public Consultation Discussion Paper. Retrieved from: https://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/educationreview/docs/public-discussion-paper.pdf

48 Manitoba's Commission on Kindergarten to Grade 12 Education (2019). A Comprehensive, Independent Review of the Kindergarten to 12 Education System. Public Consultation Discussion Paper. Retrieved from: https://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/educationreview/docs/public-discussion-paper.pdf

49 Berg, A., Melaville, A., & Blank, M. (2006). Community & Family Engagement: Principals Share What Works. Retrieved from: http://www.communityschools.org/assets/1/AssetManager/CommunityAndFamilyEngagement.pdf


Back to top